The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI, or B&R), whose official name is ‘The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road’, is the global infrastructure development strategy proposed by the Chinese government in 2013. It aims to enhance inter-regional connectivity through the investment from China, which is the core foreign policy of Xi Jingping, the Chinese Communist Party general secretary. As of today, 138 countries and 30 international organisations have signed the agreement with China for the infrastructure projects on ports, railways, highways, power stations, aviation and telecommunications.
According to CGD’s report* in 2018, among the 68 participated countries, there are 23 countries already in heavy debt and 8 counties will face the coming debt for the China-funded infrastructure projects. This disputable foreign policy of China has become a topic of wide concern for military and sovereign security to America, Russia, Japan, India and more. Hence, this database is undoubtedly the essential resource to know the latest move of China.
(*CGD: The Center for Global Development is a nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C. and London that focuses on international development.)